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D4c1a

Summary

Age: 4,211.1 ± 2,741.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 191.1A C194T T199C G207A G3391A G9755A
Parent Branch: D4c1
Descendant branch(s): D4c1a1

Background

Haplogroup D4c1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 1,500 and 7,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755 16223Released 27 Aug 2008
02D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755 16223Released 14 Oct 2008
03D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755 16223Released 1 Mar 2009
04D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755 16223Released 10 May 2009
05D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 8 Jul 2009
06D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 28 Sep 2009
07D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 10 Nov 2009
08D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 21 Mar 2010
09D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 20 Jun 2010
10D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 10 Aug 2010
11D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 7 Feb 2011
12D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 20 Jul 2011
13D4c1a191.1A 194 199 207 3391 9755Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D4c1a191.1A C194T T199C G207A G3391A G9755AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D4c1a191.1A C194T T199C G207A G3391A G9755AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D4c1a191.1A C194T T199C G207A G3391A G9755AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D4c1a191.1A C194T T199C G207A G3391A G9755AReleased 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5011911Mikami et al., 2013noneD4c1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 9337, 11482Y, 16519
Hap5011945Mikami et al., 2013noneD4c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16093, 16519
Hap5011997Mikami et al., 2013noneD4c1a:315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 801, 7912, 16519
Hap5014575Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:315.1C, 16519
Hap5014608Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:315.1T, 16201, 16519
Hap5014614Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 9084, 16519
Hap5014652Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:204, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014691Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5014741Tanaka et al., 2004D4c1a:16189D4c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 325, 11087, 13768, 16368, 16519
Hap5014956Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 11257, 16519
Hap5015023Tanaka et al., 2004noneD4c1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 8264, 16519
Hap5015303Ueno et al., 2009D4c1a:11914D4c1a:188, 315.1C, 12509, 16519
Hap5015309Ueno et al., 2009noneD4c1a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 394, 629, 16519
Hap5022510Zheng et al., 2011noneD4c1a:159, 310N, 16519
Hap5022511Zheng et al., 2011D4c1a:194D4c1a:194N, 8860N, 8861N, 8863N, 9084, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046529JapanJapanJapanJapan
Hap10046530United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10046531United StatesUnited StatesJapanJapan
Hap10046532United StatesUnited StatesKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10046533United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10046534JapanUnspecifiedUnspecifiedJapan
Hap10046535United StatesUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10046536UnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecifiedUnspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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