D4b2b

Summary

Age: 12,932.3 ± 2,805.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: (C194T) C9296T
Parent Branch: D4b2
Descendant branch(s): D4b2b1 D4b2b2 D4b2b3 D4b2b4 D4b2b5 D4b2b6 D4b2b7

Background

Haplogroup D4b2b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 10,100 and 15,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4b2b 9296 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4b2b 9296 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4b2b 194 9296 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4b2b C194T C9296T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4b2b (C194T) C9296T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4b2b (C194T) C9296T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4b2b (C194T) C9296T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5011738 Macaulay et al., 2005 none D4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 4695, 9260, 13722, 16224, 16291, 16319
Hap5015080 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4b2b:315.1C, 523-524d, 3398
Hap5017377 Sukernik et al., 2012 none D4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 573, 10310, 11506, 15511
Hap5017378 Sukernik et al., 2012 none D4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 573, 4799, 10310, 11506, 15511
Hap5018159 Liu et al., 2012 none D4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 3608R, 8551Y, 10742G, 14065, 14384
Hap5018252 Liu et al., 2012 none D4b2b:309.1C, 315.1C, 10742G, 14065, 14384
Hap5022496 Zheng et al., 2011 none D4b2b:315.1C, 523-524d, 3144, 9804, 15422

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046481 Canada China China China
Hap10046482 Canada China China China
Hap10046483 China China China China
Hap10046484 Italy China China China
Hap10046485 Singapore China China China
Hap10046486 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046487 Nepal Nepal Nepal Nepal
Hap10046488 United States Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan
Hap10046489 China Unspecified Unspecified China
Hap10046490 United Kingdom Unspecified Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10046491 United Kingdom Unspecified Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10046492 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046493 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046494 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046495 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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