D4b1c

Summary

Age: 11,719.8 ± 4,471.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T239C A297G G951A
Parent Branch: D4b1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup D4b1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 7,200 and 16,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
05 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4b1c 239 297 951 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4b1c T239C A297G G951A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4b1c T239C A297G G951A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4b1c T239C A297G G951A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4b1c T239C A297G G951A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003094 Behar et al., 2012b none D4b1c:315.1C, 523-524d, 3576, 9469, 9604, 15110, 16243, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046461 United States United States Switzerland Switzerland

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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