D4a4

Summary

Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C469g T4248C A8659G A9109G
Parent Branch: D4a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup D4a4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4a4 469G 4248 8659 9109 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4a4 C469g T4248C A8659G A9109G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4a4 C469g T4248C A8659G A9109G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4a4 C469g T4248C A8659G A9109G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4a4 C469g T4248C A8659G A9109G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005469 Bilal et al., 2008 none D4a4:315.1C, 9569, 16519
Hap5010963 Kivisild et al., 2006 D4a4:146, 195, 247, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16294, 16311, 16362 D4a4:1-435d, 16022-16569d
Hap5015211 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a4:315.1C, 9569, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046430 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046431 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046432 United States United States Japan Japan
Hap10046433 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10046434 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046435 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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