Age: 3,283.0 ± 3,923.1; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A7822G
Parent Branch: D4a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup D4a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 7,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4a1c 7822 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4a1c 7822 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4a1c 7822 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4a1c 7822 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4a1c 7822 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4a1c 7822 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4a1c 7822 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4a1c 7822 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4a1c 7822 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4a1c 7822 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4a1c 7822 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4a1c 7822 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4a1c 7822 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4a1c A7822G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4a1c A7822G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4a1c A7822G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4a1c A7822G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002767 Behar et al., 2012b none D4a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 9801
Hap5014635 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5014718 Tanaka et al., 2004 D4a1c:146 D4a1c:315.1C, 544.1C, 6039
Hap5014772 Tanaka et al., 2004 D4a1c:146 D4a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 9123
Hap5014925 Tanaka et al., 2004 D4a1c:146 D4a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015192 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1c:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5022481 Zheng et al., 2011 D4a1c:16187, 16189 D4a1c:3398, 4769N, 11902, 16092, 16187d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10046404 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046405 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046406 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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