D4a1

Summary

Age: 7,863.5 ± 2,242.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T10410C
Parent Branch: D4a
Descendant branch(s): D4a1a D4a1b D4a1c D4a1d D4a1e D4a1f D4a1g D4a1h

Background

Haplogroup D4a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 5,600 and 10,100 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4a1 10410 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4a1 10410 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4a1 10410 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4a1 10410 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4a1 10410 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4a1 10410 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4a1 10410 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4a1 10410 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4a1 10410 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4a1 10410 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4a1 10410 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4a1 10410 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4a1 10410 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4a1 T10410C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4a1 T10410C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4a1 T10410C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4a1 T10410C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005481 Bilal et al., 2008 none D4a1:211T, 315.1C, 9804, 10365
Hap5005484 Bilal et al., 2008 none D4a1:63, 106-111d, 315.1C, 10646
Hap5005535 Bilal et al., 2008 D4a1:195 D4a1:315.1C
Hap5005544 Bilal et al., 2008 none D4a1:315.1C
Hap5010125 Ingman et al., 2000 none D4a1:315.1C, 8292
Hap5010739 Kazuno et al., 2005 none D4a1:315.1C
Hap5010746 Kazuno et al., 2005 none D4a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5010774 Kazuno et al., 2005 none D4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 15468
Hap5011428 Ko et al., 2014 none D4a1:6485, 16086
Hap5011875 Mikami et al., 2013 none D4a1:315.1C, 8725, 10006d
Hap5011930 Mikami et al., 2013 D4a1:146 D4a1:315.1C, 11908, 14016
Hap5011983 Mikami et al., 2013 none D4a1:153, 315.1C, 16272
Hap5014643 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C, 481, 16192
Hap5014660 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C, 16320
Hap5014767 Tanaka et al., 2004 D4a1:146 D4a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 735, 1053T
Hap5014888 Tanaka et al., 2004 D4a1:16311 D4a1:315.1C, 16140
Hap5014901 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C, 16192
Hap5014912 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C, 7789
Hap5014959 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C, 2140
Hap5014964 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C
Hap5015093 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a1:315.1C, 16192
Hap5015528 Volodko et al., 2008 none D4a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 9631
Hap5020173 Liu et al., 2014 none D4a1:315.1C, 3317, 5268, 9374
Hap5022476 Zheng et al., 2011 D4a1:7146 D4a1:11809, 11969, 15530
Hap5022477 Zheng et al., 2011 D4a1:146 D4a1:1-4d, 308N, 310N, 735, 8860N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046361 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046362 United States Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046363 United States Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South
Hap10046364 United States Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South
Hap10046365 United States United States United States United States
Hap10046366 Canada Japan Unspecified Japan
Hap10046367 United States Korea, South Unspecified Korea, South
Hap10046368 United Kingdom Malaysia Unspecified Malaysia
Hap10046369 Korea, South Unspecified Unspecified Korea, South
Hap10046370 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10046371 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046372 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046373 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046374 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046375 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046376 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046377 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046378 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046379 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046380 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046381 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046382 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046383 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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