D4a

Summary

Age: 14,994.1 ± 3,374.7; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! C3206T T8473C T14979C G16129A!
Parent Branch: D4
Descendant branch(s): D4a1 D4a2 D4a3 D4a4 D4a5 D4a6 D4a7 D4a8

Background

Haplogroup D4a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 11,600 and 18,400 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4a 152 3206 8473 14979 16129 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4a T152C! C3206T T8473C T14979C G16129A! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4a T152C! C3206T T8473C T14979C G16129A! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4a T152C! C3206T T8473C T14979C G16129A! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4a T152C! C3206T T8473C T14979C G16129A! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010229 Jiang et al., 2014 none D4a:315.1C, 2833, 13767, 14494, 16256, 16260, 16519
Hap5010242 Jiang et al., 2014 none D4a:217, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 1811, 7444
Hap5011274 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:146 D4a:10680, 13350, 16270
Hap5011277 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:13650 D4a:4491, 9845, 13966, 15066A, 15889, 16260, 16263, 16519
Hap5011287 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:13650 D4a:4491, 9845, 13966, 15066A, 15889, 16260, 16263, 16519
Hap5011300 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:13650 D4a:507, 5673, 8410, 9845, 13966, 15883, 15889, 16263
Hap5011304 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:13650 D4a:507, 5673, 8410, 9845, 13966, 15883, 15889, 16263
Hap5011306 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:146, 16311 D4a:5216A, 7859, 13350, 16270
Hap5011616 Ko et al., 2014 D4a:13650 D4a:507, 5673, 8410, 9845, 13966, 14664, 15883, 15889, 16263
Hap5014905 Tanaka et al., 2004 none D4a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5744, 6551, 9197, 16294, 16519
Hap5020743 Fregel et al., 2014 none D4a:217, 315.1C, 709, 1811, 7367, 7444, 7921, 8120G, 9377, 10003
Hap5022472 Zheng et al., 2011 D4a:13650 D4a:507, 5673, 8410, 9845, 13966, 15883, 15889, 16263
Hap5022473 Zheng et al., 2011 none D4a:5582, 8683, 14443, 15596, 16519
Hap5022474 Zheng et al., 2011 D4a:146 D4a:523-524d, 13350, 16148N, 16265, 16270
Hap5022475 Zheng et al., 2011 D4a:13650 D4a:151, 650, 5899.1C, 6524, 13650G, 14494N, 14560

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046340 Canada China China China
Hap10046341 Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South
Hap10046342 Taiwan Taiwan Taiwan Taiwan
Hap10046343 United States United States United States United States
Hap10046344 United States United States United States United States
Hap10046345 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10046346 United States Korea, South Unspecified Korea, South
Hap10046347 Korea, South Unspecified Unspecified Korea, South
Hap10046348 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046349 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046350 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046351 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046352 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046353 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046354 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046355 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046356 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046357 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046358 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046359 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046360 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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