D4

Summary

Age: 24,579.9 ± 1,947.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G3010A C8414T C14668T
Parent Branch: D
Descendant branch(s): D4a D4b D4c D4d D4e D4f D4g D4h D4i D4j D4k D4l D4m D4n D4o D4p D4q D4s D4t

Background

Haplogroup D4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 22,600 and 26,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 10 May 2009
05 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D4 3010 8414 14668 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D4 G3010A C8414T C14668T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004332 Behar et al., 2012b none D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 12396, 16519
Hap5005159 Behar et al., 2012b D4:152 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11287, 16249
Hap5010220 Jiang et al., 2014 none D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 7337, 15721, 16150, 16249, 16519
Hap5010688 Kang et al., 2013 D4:16189 D4:2789A, 8588, 9725, 11746, 12432, 16093, 16189N, 16519
Hap5011271 Ko et al., 2014 D4:152 D4:150, 2010, 10101, 13983, 16249, 16519
Hap5014416 Summerer et al., 2012 none D4:315.1C, 4335, 9812, 10751, 13153, 15884, 16519
Hap5015189 Tanaka et al., 2004 D4:152 D4:315.1C, 3603, 3764, 7762, 12351, 16274, 16519
Hap5016556 Derenko et al., 2010 D4:152, 195 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11984, 13788A, 16519
Hap5016621 Derenko et al., 2010 D4:152, 195 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 11984, 13788A, 16519
Hap5016646 Derenko et al., 2010 D4:146, 16129, 16311 D4:194, 196, 315.1C, 385, 573.1XC, 3316, 3606, 3714, 4659T, 7687, 9621, 9896, 14883, 15130, 16158, 16234, 16260, 16292, 16519
Hap5018331 Sukernik et al., 2012 none D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 3583, 9856, 15884, 16192, 16261, 16316, 16519
Hap5021089 Derenko et al., 2013 D4:152 D4:309.1C, 315.1C, 374, 523-524d, 5460, 9531, 9758, 10843, 15400, 15586, 16519
Hap5022471 Zheng et al., 2011 D4:152, 195 D4:721A, 4254, 13681, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046286 United States China China China
Hap10046287 United States United States China China
Hap10046288 Nepal India India India
Hap10046289 Iran Iran Iran Iran
Hap10046290 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046291 Japan Japan Japan Japan
Hap10046292 United States United States Japan Japan
Hap10046293 Japan Korea, South Korea, South Korea, South
Hap10046294 United States United States Lithuania Lithuania
Hap10046295 Poland Poland Poland Poland
Hap10046296 United States Poland Poland Poland
Hap10046297 Singapore Singapore Singapore Singapore
Hap10046298 United States United States United States United States
Hap10046299 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10046300 United States China Unspecified China
Hap10046301 Unspecified Lebanon Unspecified Lebanon
Hap10046302 Australia Unspecified Unspecified Australia
Hap10046303 China Unspecified Unspecified China
Hap10046304 Korea, South Unspecified Unspecified Korea, South
Hap10046305 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10046306 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10046307 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046308 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046309 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046310 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046311 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046312 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046313 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046314 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046315 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046316 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046317 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046318 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046319 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046320 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046321 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046322 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046323 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046324 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046325 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046326 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046327 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046328 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046329 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046330 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046331 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046332 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046333 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046334 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046335 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046336 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046337 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046338 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046339 Turkey Afghanistan Uzbekistan Uzbekistan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|