D2

Summary

Age: 12,003.4 ± 3,311.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C8703T G16129A!
Parent Branch: D
Descendant branch(s): D2a'b D2c

Background

Haplogroup D2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 8,700 and 15,300 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 10 May 2009
05 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 D2 7493 8703 16129 16271 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 D2 7493 16271 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 D2 7493 16271 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 D2 8703 16129 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 D2 8703 16129 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 D2 8703 16129 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 D2 C8703T G16129A! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 D2 C8703T G16129A! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 D2 C8703T G16129A! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 D2 C8703T G16129A! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10046270 Philippines China China China
Hap10046271 Italy United States Switzerland Switzerland
Hap10046272 United States United States United States United States
Hap10046273 United States United States United States United States
Hap10046274 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10046275 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10046276 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046277 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10046278 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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