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Age: 8,093.8 ± 4,675.3; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! G3316A A11248G
Parent Branch: D1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup D1e is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,400 and 12,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

05D1e146 3316 11248Released 8 Jul 2009
06D1e146 3316 11248Released 28 Sep 2009
07D1e146 3316 11248Released 10 Nov 2009
08D1e146 3316 11248Released 21 Mar 2010
09D1e146 3316 11248Released 20 Jun 2010
10D1e146 3316 11248Released 10 Aug 2010
11D1e146 3316 11248Released 7 Feb 2011
12D1e146 3316 11248Released 20 Jul 2011
13D1e146 3316 11248Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14D1eT146C! G3316A A11248GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15D1eT146C! G3316A A11248GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16D1eT146C! G3316A A11248GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17D1eT146C! G3316A A11248GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5007121Fagundes et al., 2008noneD1e:309.1C, 315.1C, 390, 9753, 11482, 12892, 16519
Hap5009324Hartmann et al., 2008noneD1e:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3663, 16261, 16519
Hap5010872Kivisild et al., 2006D1e:152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16325, 16362D1e:1-435d, 3663, 16022-16569d

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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