Z4

Summary

Age: 16,665.5 ± 4,320.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C151T A15475G T15944d
Parent Branch: Z
Descendant branch(s): Z4a

Background

Haplogroup Z4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 Z4 5492 15475 15944d 16189 16302 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 Z4 5492 15475 15944d 16189 16302 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 Z4 5492 15475 15944d 16189 16302 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 Z4 5492 15475 15944d 16189 16302 Released 10 May 2009
05 Z4 5492 15475 15944d 16189 16302 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 Z4 15475 15944d Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Z4 15475 15944d Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Z4 15475 15944d Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Z4 15475 15944d Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Z4 15475 15944d Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Z4 15475 15944d Released 7 Feb 2011
12 Z4 15475 15944d Released 20 Jul 2011
13 Z4 15475 15944d (16302) Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Z4 A15475G T15944d (A16302G) Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Z4 A15475G T15944d (A16302G) Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Z4 C151T A15475G T15944d Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Z4 C151T A15475G T15944d Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5014521 Tabbada et al., 2010 Z4:151, 249d Z4:150.1T, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 4371, 5786, 7258, 16519
Hap5016976 Wang CY et al., 2011 none Z4:214, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5016977 Wang CY et al., 2011 none Z4:214, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5016978 Wang CY et al., 2011 none Z4:214, 315.1C, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10101487 China China China China
Hap10101488 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10101489 Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Uzbekistan Uzbekistan

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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