Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 2232.1A T16189C!
Parent Branch: C7a
Descendant branch(s): C7a2a


Haplogroup C7a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
06 C7a 146 2232.1d! 12957 14978 Released 28 Sep 2009
13 C7a2 2232.1A 16189 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C7a2 2232.1A T16189C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C7a2 2232.1A T16189C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C7a2 2232.1A T16189C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C7a2 2232.1A T16189C! Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010957 Kivisild et al., 2006 C7a2:146, 152, 195, 247, 249d, 16129, 16187, 16230, 16278, 16298, 16311, 16327 C7a2:1-435d, 10754, 11839, 16022-16569d
Hap5015554 Zhang AM et al., 2011 none C7a2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 593, 6249, 7007, 7990, 11778, 16183C
Hap5022457 Zheng et al., 2011 C7a2:4715 C7a2:4254, 4715N, 4877N, 4883N

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|