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Age: 7,495.6 ± 4,454.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T4047C C5987T
Parent Branch: C7a1
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup C7a1c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 3,000 and 12,000 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

07C7a1c4047 5987Released 10 Nov 2009
08C7a1c4047 5987Released 21 Mar 2010
09C7a1c4047 5987Released 20 Jun 2010
10C7a1c4047 5987Released 10 Aug 2010
11C7a1c4047 5987Released 7 Feb 2011
12C7a1c4047 5987Released 20 Jul 2011
13C7a1c4047 5987Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C7a1cT4047C C5987TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C7a1cT4047C C5987TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C7a1cT4047C C5987TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C7a1cT4047C C5987TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008026Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016noneC7a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 8270, 8281-8289d, 8648
Hap5015522Volodko et al., 2008noneC7a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 15670, 16219
Hap5016609Derenko et al., 2010noneC7a1c:309.1C, 315.1C, 15670
Hap5022159Kong et al., 2003C7a1c:16311C7a1c:309.1CC, 315.1C, 1719, 7982, 15930, 16217

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045925Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10045926Korea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South
Hap10045927United StatesKorea, SouthKorea, SouthKorea, South

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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