C4a2

Summary

Age: 4,123.7 ± 3,129.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T16357C
Parent Branch: C4a
Descendant branch(s): C4a2a C4a2b C4a2c

Background

Haplogroup C4a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 16357 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 16357 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 16357 Released 10 May 2009
05 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 16357 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 10 Nov 2009
07 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 21 Mar 2010
08 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 20 Jun 2010
09 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 10 Aug 2010
10 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 7 Feb 2011
11 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 20 Jul 2011
12 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C4a2 8485 8793 16171 16344 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
13 C4a2'3'4 16357 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C4a2 G8485A T8793C A16171G C16344T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
14 C4a2'3'4 T16357C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C4a2 G8485A T8793C A16171G C16344T Released 30 Sep 2012
15 C4a2'3'4 T16357C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C4a2 G8485A T8793C A16171G C16344T Released 19 Feb 2014
16 C4a2'3'4 T16357C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C4a2 T16357C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004580 Behar et al., 2012b none C4a2:207, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8337, 8577, 15924
Hap5010063 Ingman et al., 2000 none C4a2:315.1C
Hap5010114 Ingman et al., 2000 none C4a2:315.1C, 8014, 9263, 13818
Hap5014374 Starikovskaya et al., 2005 none C4a2:8014, 9263, 13818
Hap5015486 Volodko et al., 2008 none C4a2:315.1C, 8869
Hap5016495 Derenko et al., 2010 C4a2:16278 C4a2:64, 150, 315.1C
Hap5016528 Derenko et al., 2010 none C4a2:315.1C, 13677Y, 14053
Hap5016550 Derenko et al., 2010 C4a2:2232.1A, 16311 C4a2:47, 315.1C, 16244
Hap5016578 Derenko et al., 2010 C4a2:195 C4a2:315.1C, 6663
Hap5016618 Derenko et al., 2010 none C4a2:315.1C, 11147, 16224
Hap5016625 Derenko et al., 2010 none C4a2:47, 315.1C, 5984
Hap5016654 Derenko et al., 2010 none C4a2:315.1C
Hap5016655 Derenko et al., 2010 none C4a2:315.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10045793 Algeria Antigua and Barbuda Algeria Algeria
Hap10045794 United States United States United States United States
Hap10045795 United States United States United States United States
Hap10045796 China Unspecified Unspecified China
Hap10045797 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045798 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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