C4a1a1

Summary

Age: 5,033.7 ± 2,956.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 2232.2A A8508G
Parent Branch: C4a1a
Descendant branch(s): C4a1a1a

Background

Haplogroup C4a1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
07 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C4a1a 2232.2A 3576 4884 4958 8508 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C4a1a 2232.2A C3576T A4884G A4958G A8508G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C4a1a 2232.2A A8508G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C4a1a 2232.2A A8508G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C4a1a1 2232.2A A8508G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006228 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none C4a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 2232.1AA, 5843, 10410, 13488, 16224
Hap5006231 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none C4a1a1:315.1C, 523-524d, 2232.1AA, 5843, 8110, 10410, 13488, 16224
Hap5006266 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 C4a1a1:3552A, 16093 C4a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2232.1AA, 5493, 14978, 16129
Hap5006270 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 C4a1a1:3552A, 16093 C4a1a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2232.1AA, 5493, 16129
Hap5006279 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none C4a1a1:315.1C, 2232.1AA, 10775, 16117

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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