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Age: 6,670.8 ± 4,176.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T195C! A928G
Parent Branch: C1d1
Descendant branch(s): C1d1b1


Haplogroup C1d1b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,500 and 10,800 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

09C1d1b195 928Released 20 Jun 2010
10C1d1b195 928Released 10 Aug 2010
11C1d1b195 928Released 7 Feb 2011
12C1d1b195 928Released 20 Jul 2011
13C1d1b195 928Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C1d1bT195C! A928GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C1d1bT195C! A928GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C1d1bT195C! A928GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C1d1bT195C! A928GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5017329Perego et al., 2010C1d1b:16311C1d1b:315.1C, 523-524d, 3438, 16259, 16271, 16519
Hap5017330Perego et al., 2010noneC1d1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 9449, 14122, 14341
Hap5017331Perego et al., 2010noneC1d1b:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 573.1XC, 6252, 9449, 14122, 14341

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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