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Age: 15,500.2 ± 5,232.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16051G
Parent Branch: C1
Descendant branch(s): C1d1 C1d2 C1d3


Haplogroup C1d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 10,300 and 20,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C1d7697 16051Released 27 Aug 2008
02C1d7697 16051Released 14 Oct 2008
03C1d7697 16051Released 1 Mar 2009
04C1d7697 16051Released 10 May 2009
05C1d7697 16051Released 8 Jul 2009
06C1d7697 16051Released 28 Sep 2009
07C1d7697 16051Released 10 Nov 2009
08C1d16051Released 21 Mar 2010
09C1d16051Released 20 Jun 2010
10C1d16051Released 10 Aug 2010
11C1d16051Released 7 Feb 2011
12C1d16051Released 20 Jul 2011
13C1d16051Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C1dA16051GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C1dA16051GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C1dA16051GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C1dA16051GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5005193Behar et al., 2012bnoneC1d:151, 153, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 574, 3338, 5294, 7618, 8556, 10750, 10978, 16270, 16437
Hap5011759Malhi et al., 2010noneC1d:143, 189, 226, 310d, 313-402d, 3106N, 4907, 8670, 9854, 11437, 12490, 16519
Hap5017312Perego et al., 2010noneC1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12717
Hap5017313Perego et al., 2010C1d:16311C1d:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 1282, 11020, 12937, 13604C, 14128, 16319, 16519
Hap5017815Kumar et al., 2011noneC1d:309.1CC, 315.1C, 16519
Hap5017816Kumar et al., 2011noneC1d:309.1CT, 310, 315.1C, 523-524d, 12717
Hap5017817Kumar et al., 2011noneC1d:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 6340, 15172, 16086, 16184, 16519
Hap5017819Kumar et al., 2011C1d:146, 16311C1d:315.1C, 523-524d, 1282, 12937, 14128, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045643United StatesEl SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador
Hap10045646United StatesMexicoMexicoMexico
Hap10045647United StatesUnited StatesMexicoMexico
Hap10045648United StatesMexicoSpainSpain
Hap10045649United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10045650United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10045652United StatesMexicoUnspecifiedMexico
Hap10045653United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10045654United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10045655United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States
Hap10045656United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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