Age: 6,118.6 ± 3,830.4; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A214G G16274A
Parent Branch: C1c
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup C1c4 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,300 and 9,900 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 C1c4 214 16274 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C1c4 A214G G16274A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C1c4 A214G G16274A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C1c4 A214G G16274A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C1c4 A214G G16274A Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5003101 Behar et al., 2012b C1c4:152 C1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 709, 9617, 15715, 16104
Hap5015711 Achilli et al., 2008 none C1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 328, 523-524d, 5118, 9657, 16319, 16519
Hap5017796 Kumar et al., 2011 C1c4:152 C1c4:309.1C, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5813, 9617, 15715

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045563 Cuba Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10045564 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10045565 El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador El Salvador
Hap10045566 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045567 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045568 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045569 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045570 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045571 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045572 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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