Age: 7,274.8 ± 4,416.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A215G
Parent Branch: C1c
Descendant branch(s): C1c1a C1c1b


Haplogroup C1c1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 2,900 and 11,700 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 C1c1 12978 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 C1c1 12978 Released 14 Oct 2008
04 C1c1 12978 Released 10 May 2009
05 C1c1 12978 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C1c1 (215) 12978 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C1c1 215 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C1c1 A215G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C1c1 A215G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C1c1 A215G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C1c1 A215G Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5017805 Kumar et al., 2011 C1c1:8584 C1c1:309.1C, 315.1C, 5471, 8251, 11377, 16317, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10045477 Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10045478 United States Mexico Mexico Mexico
Hap10045479 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10045480 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10045481 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10045482 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10045483 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045484 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045485 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045486 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045487 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045488 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045489 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10045490 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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