C1a

Summary

Age: 4,837.3 ± 5,376.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T3826C G7598A T16356C
Parent Branch: C1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup C1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 10,200 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 10 May 2009
05 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 C1a 93 3826 7598 16356 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 C1a 3826 7598 16356 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 C1a T3826C G7598A T16356C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 C1a T3826C G7598A T16356C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 C1a T3826C G7598A T16356C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 C1a T3826C G7598A T16356C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010060 Ingman et al., 2000 none C1a:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 375, 16093, 16519
Hap5011988 Mikami et al., 2013 none C1a:93, 315.1C, 9099A, 9750, 16093, 16519
Hap5014385 Starikovskaya et al., 2005 none none
Hap5014634 Tanaka et al., 2004 none C1a:93, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2887, 9099A, 9750, 13590, 15773, 16093, 16192, 16519
Hap5015765 Derenko et al., 2007 none C1a:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5774

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10044791 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10044792 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10044793 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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