Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 18,252.3 ± 4,233.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: 290-291d T16325C
Parent Branch: C
Descendant branch(s): C1a C1b C1c C1d C1e C1f


Haplogroup C1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who founded this line lived between 14,000 and 22,500 years ago (Behar et al 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01C1290-291d 16325Released 27 Aug 2008
02C1290-291d 16325Released 14 Oct 2008
03C1290-291d 16325Released 1 Mar 2009
04C1290-291d 16325Released 10 May 2009
05C1290-291d 16325Released 8 Jul 2009
06C1290-291d 16325Released 28 Sep 2009
07C1290-291d 16325Released 10 Nov 2009
08C1290-291d 16325Released 21 Mar 2010
09C1290-291d 16325Released 20 Jun 2010
10C1290-291d 16325Released 10 Aug 2010
11C1290-291d 16325Released 7 Feb 2011
12C1290-291d 16325Released 20 Jul 2011
13C1290-291d 16325Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14C1290-291d T16325CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15C1290-291d T16325CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16C1290-291d T16325CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17C1290-291d T16325CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10044787United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|