Age: 6,557.4 ± 3,840.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G12372A G13759A
Parent Branch: M7c1a
Descendant branch(s): M7c1a1a M7c1a1b


Haplogroup M7c1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
13 M7c1d 12372 13759 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M7c1d G12372A G13759A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M7c1d G12372A G13759A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M7c1a1 G12372A G13759A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M7c1a1 G12372A G13759A Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5013948 Schönberg et al., 2011 M7c1a1:16311 M7c1a1:146, 310, 523-524d, 3736, 4592, 10586, 16193, 16304

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071218 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10071219 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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