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Age: 16,680.5 ± 5,404.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C150T T12811C
Parent Branch: M7b1a
Descendant branch(s): M7b1a1a M7b1a1b M7b1a1c M7b1a1d M7b1a1e M7b1a1f M7b1a1g M7b1a1h M7b1a1i


Haplogroup M7b1a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M7b1'212811Released 27 Aug 2008
02M7b1'212811Released 14 Oct 2008
03M7b1'212811Released 1 Mar 2009
04M7b1'212811Released 10 May 2009
05M7b1'212811Released 8 Jul 2009
06M7b1'212811Released 28 Sep 2009
07M7b1'212811Released 10 Nov 2009
08M7b1'212811Released 21 Mar 2010
09M7b1'2'412811Released 20 Jun 2010
10M7b1'2'412811Released 10 Aug 2010
11M7b1'2'412811Released 7 Feb 2011
12M7b1'2'412811Released 20 Jul 2011
13M7b1'2'4-8150 12811Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M7b1'2'4'5'6'7'8C150T T12811CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M7b1'2'4'5'6'7'8C150T T12811CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M7b1a1C150T T12811CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M7b1a1C150T T12811CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008497Greenspan et al., 2006 - 2016M7b1a1:146M7b1a1:234, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5480, 9329T, 13879, 16182, 16356
Hap5011260Ko et al., 2014noneM7b1a1:12696, 16519
Hap5011333Ko et al., 2014noneM7b1a1:4136, 15511, 16519
Hap5011411Ko et al., 2014noneM7b1a1:228, 4092, 15679, 16129, 16519
Hap5011424Ko et al., 2014noneM7b1a1:480, 8793, 16519
Hap5020721Zhang X et al., 2013noneM7b1a1:5056, 5653.1C, 5700.1C, 5701.1GCT, 5711, 9242, 10565, 13053, 13119, 13395, 16048, 16093, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10071046United StatesUnited StatesUnspecifiedUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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