Age: 6,267.1 ± 4,512.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A16265c
Parent Branch: M5a2a1
Descendant branch(s): M5a2a1a1 M5a2a1a2


Haplogroup M5a2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,800 and 10,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
11 M5a2a1a 16265C Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M5a2a1a 16265C Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M5a2a1a 16265C Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M5a2a1a A16265c Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M5a2a1a A16265c Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M5a2a1a A16265c Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M5a2a1a A16265c Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006186 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M5a2a1a:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8861, 16264
Hap5006187 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M5a2a1a:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 6827, 8861, 16264
Hap5006195 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M5a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 12372, 13143
Hap5014469 Sun et al., 2006 none M5a2a1a:315.1C, 8676, 10334, 16264, 16319, 16365
Hap5017218 Kong et al., 2011 none M5a2a1a:315.1C, 12372, 12717
Hap5020932 Derenko et al., 2013 none M5a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 4086, 12372, 16325

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070801 United States Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago
Hap10070802 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070803 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070804 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070805 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070806 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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