M65a

Summary

Age: 17,694.4 ± 6,172.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A4916G A13651G A16289G
Parent Branch: M65
Descendant branch(s): M65a1 M65a2

Background

Haplogroup M65a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,500 and 23,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M4b1 4916 13651 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M4b1 4916 13651 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M4b1 4916 13651 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M4b1 4916 13651 Released 10 May 2009
05 M4b1 4916 13651 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M4b1 4916 13651 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M4b1 4916 13651 (16289) Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M4b1 4916 13651 (16289) Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M4b1 4916 13651 (16289) Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M4b1 4916 13651 (16289) Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M65a 4916 13651 16289 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M65a 4916 13651 16289 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M65a 4916 13651 16289 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M65a A4916G A13651G A16289G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M65a A4916G A13651G A16289G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M65a A4916G A13651G A16289G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M65a A4916G A13651G A16289G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010879 Kivisild et al., 2006 M65a:146, 152, 195, 247, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16278, 16289 M65a:1-435d, 2177, 4721, 6261, 12635, 13293, 15930, 16022-16569d
Hap5014412 Summerer et al., 2012 none M65a:309.1C, 315.1C, 922A, 16311
Hap5017256 Sharma V et al., 2012 none M65a:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 3010, 9254, 11836, 15479, 16311
Hap5019566 Khan et al., 2014 none M65a:315.1C, 2831, 5147, 6152, 9410, 9716, 11778, 13708, 14766, 15217, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070848 Bangladesh Bangladesh India India
Hap10070849 India India India India
Hap10070850 India India India India
Hap10070851 United States India India India
Hap10070852 Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan Pakistan
Hap10070853 India India Unspecified India
Hap10070854 United States India Unspecified India
Hap10070855 United Kingdom Kenya Unspecified Kenya
Hap10070856 India Pakistan Unspecified Pakistan
Hap10070857 Kenya Unspecified Unspecified Kenya
Hap10070858 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070859 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070860 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070861 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070862 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070863 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070864 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070865 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070866 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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