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Age: 11,701.9 ± 5,904.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G143A T152C! G2706A A7049G A9180G A16300G
Parent Branch: M45
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M45a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,800 and 17,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

10M45a143 152 2706! 7049 9180 16300Released 10 Aug 2010
11M45a143 152 2706! 7049 9180 16300Released 7 Feb 2011
12M45a143 152 2706! 7049 9180 16300Released 20 Jul 2011
13M45a143 152 2706! 7049 9180 16300Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M45aG143A T152C! G2706A A7049G A9180G A16300GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M45aG143A T152C! G2706A A7049G A9180G A16300GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M45aG143A T152C! G2706A A7049G A9180G A16300GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M45aG143A T152C! G2706A A7049G A9180G A16300GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5006061Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 10101, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5006062Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:153, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 709, 15511, 16154, 16183C
Hap5006063Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:309.1CCC, 315.1C, 709, 6605, 13254, 13654, 16178A, 16183C
Hap5006064Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:309.1C, 315.1C, 338, 6605, 16178A, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5006065Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:315.1C, 745.1T, 14482, 16179, 16183C
Hap5006066Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:309.1C, 315.1C, 745.1T, 10101, 14482, 16179, 16183C, 16266
Hap5006067Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:146, 194, 309.1C, 315.1C, 4616, 5834.1A, 8584, 8650, 13830, 14212, 14218, 16183C
Hap5006068Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM45a:146, 194, 309.1CCC, 315.1C, 4616, 12876, 13830, 14212, 14218, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5008970Fornarino et al., 2009M45a:143, 11914, 16129M45a:309.1C, 315.1C, 6872, 14212, 16192, 16362
Hap5017235Kong et al., 2011noneM45a:315.1C, 745.1T, 10101, 16179, 16183C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070665United Arab EmiratesPakistanIndiaIndia
Hap10070668United StatesThailandThailandThailand

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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