M4

Summary

Age: 12,734.3 ± 7,315.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261T
Parent Branch: M4″67
Descendant branch(s): M4a M4b

Background

Haplogroup M4 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M4a 93 152 593 6620 7859 9210 10235 14502 16145 16176 16257 16261 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M4a 152 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M4a 152 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M4a 152 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 10 May 2009
05 M4a 152 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M4a 152 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M4a (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M4a (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M4a (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M4a (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M4 (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M4 (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M4 (152) 6620 7859 16145 16261 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M4 (T152C) T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M4 (T152C) T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M4 (T152C) T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M4 T6620C G7859A G16145A C16261T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005924 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M4:152, 182, 309.1C, 315.1C, 16114, 16176, 16222
Hap5005927 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M4:152, 182, 185, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5219, 9211, 16114, 16176, 16222
Hap5014462 Sun et al., 2006 none M4:93, 309.1C, 315.1C, 593, 9210, 10235, 14502, 16176, 16257
Hap5015266 Thangaraj et al., 2006 none M4:3306, 15466, 16086
Hap5020882 Derenko et al., 2013 none M4:315.1C, 15466, 16086, 16399
Hap5020963 Derenko et al., 2013 none M4:152, 292A, 315.1C, 12879, 16176

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070605 Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh
Hap10070606 India India India India
Hap10070607 India India India India
Hap10070608 India India India India
Hap10070609 India India India India
Hap10070610 Pakistan India India India
Hap10070611 Philippines Philippines Philippines Philippines
Hap10070612 Turkey Turkey Turkey Turkey
Hap10070613 Canada India Unspecified India
Hap10070614 India India Unspecified India
Hap10070615 United States India Unspecified India
Hap10070616 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070617 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070618 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070619 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070620 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070621 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070622 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070623 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070624 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070625 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070626 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070627 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070628 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070629 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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