Age: 9,799.1 ± 5,472.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A93G C194T
Parent Branch: M18
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M18a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,300 and 15,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
12 M18a 93 194 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M18a 93 194 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M18a A93G C194T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M18a A93G C194T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M18a A93G C194T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M18a A93G C194T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005967 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M18a:315.1C, 1804, 8113A, 14536
Hap5009271 Govindaraj et al., 2011 none M18a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 4612, 8346, 8790
Hap5012459 Rajkumar et al., 2005 M18a:12498, 13135 M18a:315.1C, 9829A, 16347
Hap5015261 Thangaraj et al., 2006 M18a:13135, 16189 M18a:585, 789, 7385, 9494, 9912, 9951, 13802, 15942
Hap5018103 Wang HW et al., 2012 M18a:16318T M18a:309.1C, 315.1C, 16318C
Hap5021044 Derenko et al., 2013 none M18a:315.1C, 16319

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10069925 Australia India India India
Hap10069926 India India India India
Hap10069927 Malaysia Malaysia Malaysia Malaysia
Hap10069928 Canada Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Hap10069929 India Unspecified Unspecified India
Hap10069930 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10069931 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10069932 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10069933 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10069934 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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