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Age: 919.3 ± 1,228.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A8554G
Parent Branch: M44a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M44a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 2,100 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

07M44a18554Released 10 Nov 2009
08M44a18554Released 21 Mar 2010
09M44a18554Released 20 Jun 2010
10M44a18554Released 10 Aug 2010
11M44a18554Released 7 Feb 2011
12M44a18554Released 20 Jul 2011
13M44a18554Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M44a1A8554GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M44a1A8554GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M44a1A8554GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M44a1A8554GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5006380Chandrasekar et al., 2009M44a1:16311M44a1:310, 315.1CC, 13856A
Hap5006382Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM44a1:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5006383Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM44a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 10105A
Hap5006384Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM44a1:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5006385Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM44a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 5960
Hap5006386Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM44a1:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5006387Chandrasekar et al., 2009noneM44a1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 10105A

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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