M40a

Summary

Age: 13,462.6 ± 5,587.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A200G A13542G C16179T C16294T
Parent Branch: M40
Descendant branch(s): M40a1

Background

Haplogroup M40a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,900 and 19,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 10 May 2009
05 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M40a 200 13542 16179 16294 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M40a A200G A13542G C16179T C16294T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M40a A200G A13542G C16179T C16294T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M40a A200G A13542G C16179T C16294T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M40a A200G A13542G C16179T C16294T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006037 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M40a:200 M40a:185, 309.1C, 315.1C, 789, 6755, 13368, 16325, 16519
Hap5006040 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M40a:146, 152, 195, 13542 M40a:189, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 3010, 6359, 6956, 8764, 15811, 16519
Hap5006046 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M40a:16189 M40a:315.1C, 4454, 4959, 15229, 15496, 16519
Hap5006047 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M40a:16189 M40a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 4959, 15229, 15496, 16519
Hap5006049 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M40a:16189 M40a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 4959, 15229, 15496, 16519
Hap5014455 Sun et al., 2006 none M40a:315.1C, 3921, 5974, 9452, 16519
Hap5014479 Sun et al., 2006 M40a:16129 M40a:150, 315.1C, 7211, 8886, 13482, 15479, 16104, 16355, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070634 India India Unspecified India
Hap10070635 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070636 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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