M33a

Summary

Age: 29,371.9 ± 8,217.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C8562T T15908C
Parent Branch: M33
Descendant branch(s): M33a1 M33a2 M33a2'3 M33a3

Background

Haplogroup M33a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 21,200 and 37,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M33a 8562 15908 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M33a 8562 15908 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M33a 8562 15908 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M33a 8562 15908 Released 10 May 2009
05 M33a 8562 15908 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M33a 8562 15908 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M33a 8562 15908 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M33a 8562 15908 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M33a 8562 15908 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M33a 8562 15908 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M33a 8562 15908 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M33a 8562 15908 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M33a 8562 15908 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M33a C8562T T15908C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M33a C8562T T15908C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M33a C8562T T15908C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M33a C8562T T15908C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5008982 Fornarino et al., 2009 M33a:146, 195 M33a:198, 309.1C, 315.1C, 8194, 12501, 15236, 16124, 16304
Hap5023402 Reddy et al., 2007 none M33a:150, 293, 4117, 10310, 14290, 16316, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070307 India India India India
Hap10070308 India India Kenya Kenya
Hap10070309 India India Unspecified India
Hap10070310 United States India Unspecified India
Hap10070311 United States India Unspecified India

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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