M31c

Summary

Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A188G A234G T282C C9269T A14152G A15935G T16311C!
Parent Branch: M31
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup M31c is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15300 15935 16126 16136 16311 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15300 15935 16126 16136 16311 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15300 15935 16126 16136 16311 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15300 15935 16126 16136 16311 Released 10 May 2009
07 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M31c 188 234 282 9269 14152 15935 16311 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M31c A188G A234G T282C C9269T A14152G A15935G T16311C! Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M31c A188G A234G T282C C9269T A14152G A15935G T16311C! Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M31c A188G A234G T282C C9269T A14152G A15935G T16311C! Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M31c A188G A234G T282C C9269T A14152G A15935G T16311C! Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5008984 Fornarino et al., 2009 none M31c:315.1C, 6323, 7805, 11903, 16519
Hap5023400 Reddy et al., 2007 M31c:16093 M31c:15300, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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