M31a2

Summary

Age: 4,879.4 ± 4,636.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T195C! C868T A4775G G9966A A11023t A15258G T16017C T16093C T16126C G16145A
Parent Branch: M31a
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup M31a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 200 and 9,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M31a2 195 16145 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M31a2 195 16145 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M31a2 195 16145 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M31a2 195 16145 Released 10 May 2009
05 M31a2 195 16145 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 16311! Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M31a2 195 868 4775 9966 11023T 15258 16017 16093 16126 16145 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M31a2 T195C! C868T A4775G G9966A A11023t A15258G T16017C T16093C T16126C G16145A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M31a2 T195C! C868T A4775G G9966A A11023t A15258G T16017C T16093C T16126C G16145A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M31a2 T195C! C868T A4775G G9966A A11023t A15258G T16017C T16093C T16126C G16145A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M31a2 T195C! C868T A4775G G9966A A11023t A15258G T16017C T16093C T16126C G16145A Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000208 Barik et al., 2008 M31a2:16093 M31a2:150, 315.1C, 6683, 11335, 16519
Hap5000209 Barik et al., 2008 M31a2:16093 M31a2:150, 315.1C, 11335, 16519
Hap5000210 Barik et al., 2008 M31a2:16093 M31a2:150, 315.1C, 6158, 11335, 16519
Hap5000211 Barik et al., 2008 none M31a2:150, 315.1C, 11335, 14178, 16519
Hap5000212 Barik et al., 2008 none M31a2:150, 315.1C, 11335, 14178, 16519
Hap5000213 Barik et al., 2008 none M31a2:315.1C, 524.1AC, 16193, 16519
Hap5000214 Barik et al., 2008 none M31a2:150, 200, 309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5553, 16519
Hap5017904 Wang HW et al., 2011 none M31a2:315.1C, 494, 1910, 2772A, 16519
Hap5017905 Wang HW et al., 2011 none M31a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 13708, 16193, 16519
Hap5017908 Wang HW et al., 2011 none M31a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 9604, 16193, 16519
Hap5017909 Wang HW et al., 2011 none M31a2:150, 309.1C, 315.1C, 9604, 16193, 16519
Hap5017910 Wang HW et al., 2011 none M31a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 9604, 16193, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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