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M31a1

Summary

Age: 5,906.7 ± 3,964.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A249d A1524G A2045G C3975T A8973G T9581C C11014T C14407T T16311C!
Parent Branch: M31a
Descendant branch(s): M31a1a M31a1b

Background

Haplogroup M31a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 1,900 and 9,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build#CalledMutationsNotes
01M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16126 16311 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16126 16311 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16126 16311Released 1 Mar 2009
04M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16126 16311Released 10 May 2009
05M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16126 16311Released 8 Jul 2009
06M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407Released 28 Sep 2009
07M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 10 Nov 2009
08M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 21 Mar 2010
09M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 20 Jun 2010
10M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 10 Aug 2010
11M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 7 Feb 2011
12M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 20 Jul 2011
13M31a1249d 1524 2045 3975 8973 9581 11014 14407 16311Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M31a1A249d A1524G A2045G C3975T A8973G T9581C C11014T C14407T T16311C!Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M31a1A249d A1524G A2045G C3975T A8973G T9581C C11014T C14407T T16311C!Released 30 Sep 2012
16M31a1A249d A1524G A2045G C3975T A8973G T9581C C11014T C14407T T16311C!Released 19 Feb 2014
17M31a1A249d A1524G A2045G C3975T A8973G T9581C C11014T C14407T T16311C!Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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