Q2a

Summary

Age: 15,306.6 ± 5,904.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T195C! T5557C C10214T A10283G T15519C
Parent Branch: Q2
Descendant branch(s): Q2a1 Q2a2 Q2a3 Q2a4

Background

Haplogroup Q2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,400 and 21,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
02 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 10 May 2009
05 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 Q2a 195 5557 10214 10283 15519 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 Q2a T195C! T5557C C10214T A10283G T15519C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 Q2a T195C! T5557C C10214T A10283G T15519C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 Q2a T195C! T5557C C10214T A10283G T15519C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 Q2a T195C! T5557C C10214T A10283G T15519C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5006724 Corser et al., 2012 none Q2a:54, 309.1C, 315.1C, 709, 2092, 4655, 8802, 10367, 11554, 14544, 16232
Hap5006730 Corser et al., 2012 none Q2a:315.1C, 11266, 12130, 16399
Hap5009059 Friedlaender et al., 2005 Q2a:152 Q2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3106N, 4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5009060 Friedlaender et al., 2005 none Q2a:198, 309.1C, 315.1C, 1809, 3106N, 5821, 6881, 12768, 15883
Hap5009061 Friedlaender et al., 2005 none Q2a:309.1CC, 315.1C, 474, 523-524d, 1598, 3106N, 4679, 8638, 9776, 9941, 12324N, 16176
Hap5021371 Duggan et al., 2014b none Q2a:8383, 11515, 13518, 16393, 16533
Hap5021864 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:16189 Q2a:523-524d, 573, 5177, 13879, 14978, 16295
Hap5021922 Duggan et al., 2014b none Q2a:150, 198, 3644, 6260, 15516, 16261, 16292
Hap5021945 Duggan et al., 2014b none Q2a:198, 6260, 15516, 16261, 16284, 16292, 16293C
Hap5021946 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:13105 Q2a:143, 310, 5057, 11554
Hap5021947 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:13105 Q2a:143, 5057, 11554
Hap5021961 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5021962 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16362, 16390
Hap5021963 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5021965 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16362, 16390
Hap5021972 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5021977 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5021980 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5021981 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4787, 4917, 6260, 12675, 16390
Hap5021984 Duggan et al., 2014b Q2a:152 Q2a:4525N, 4787, 4917, 6260, 7854, 12675, 16390

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10072357 Australia Fiji Fiji Fiji

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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