M2a1a2a1a

Summary

Age: 0.0 ± 4,992.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T961C
Parent Branch: M2a1a2a1
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup M2a1a2a1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. The woman who started this branch lived at some point between recent generations and 5,000 years ago (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
07 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M2a1a2a1a 961 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M2a1a2a1a T961C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M2a1a2a1a T961C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M2a1a2a1a T961C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M2a1a2a1a T961C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005906 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M2a1a2a1a:11083 M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005907 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005908 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005909 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 11560
Hap5005910 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M2a1a2a1a:5252 M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005912 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1CC, 315.1C
Hap5005913 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5005914 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M2a1a2a1a:9758, 12501 M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C
Hap5015991 Kumar et al., 2008 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 965.1XC, 9959d
Hap5015995 Kumar et al., 2008 none M2a1a2a1a:309.1C, 315.1C, 965.1XC

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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