M2a1

Summary

Age: 17,213.1 ± 4,329.6; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352C
Parent Branch: M2a
Descendant branch(s): M2a1a M2a1b M2a1c

Background

Haplogroup M2a1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,900 and 21,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 10 May 2009
05 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M2a1 204 5252 8396 9758 16270 16352 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M2a1 T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M2a1 T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M2a1 T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M2a1 T204C G5252A A8396G T9758C C16270T T16352C Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5005915 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M2a1:11914 M2a1:203, 315.1C, 3652, 9254, 16086
Hap5005923 Chandrasekar et al., 2009 M2a1:1780 M2a1:315.1C, 6164, 6392, 7337, 9804, 13928C
Hap5009372 Hartmann et al., 2008 none M2a1:315.1C, 334, 8604, 9647, 14433, 14518, 16362
Hap5012451 Rajkumar et al., 2005 M2a1:152, 7961, 11083, 12810, 15670 M2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2370, 5268, 9359, 14543
Hap5014487 Sun et al., 2006 M2a1:11914 M2a1:203, 309.1C, 315.1C, 3531, 3915, 7298, 16086, 16111
Hap5014490 Sun et al., 2006 M2a1:152 M2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 573.1XC, 4868, 5206, 9438, 13359, 14179, 15244, 16180, 16292, 16362
Hap5016014 Kumar et al., 2008 M2a1:11914 M2a1:203, 315.1C, 3652, 9254, 16086
Hap5019553 Khan et al., 2014 none M2a1:309.1C, 315.1C, 2378, 6267, 7762, 11778, 13281, 14572, 16176, 16224, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070117 Canada Bangladesh Bangladesh Bangladesh
Hap10070118 India India India India
Hap10070119 India India India India
Hap10070120 India India India India
Hap10070121 United Kingdom India India India
Hap10070122 United Kingdom Mauritius Mauritius Mauritius
Hap10070123 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Hap10070124 United States United States United States United States
Hap10070125 India India Unspecified India
Hap10070126 United States India Unspecified India
Hap10070127 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Unspecified Sri Lanka
Hap10070128 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Unspecified Sri Lanka
Hap10070129 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Unspecified Sri Lanka
Hap10070130 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Unspecified Trinidad and Tobago
Hap10070131 India Unspecified Unspecified India
Hap10070132 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070133 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070134 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070135 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070136 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070137 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070138 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070139 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|