Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 22,537.6 ± 7,123.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G709A G10172A T16263C
Parent Branch: M13b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M13b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 15,400 and 29,700 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

07M13b1709 10172 16263Released 10 Nov 2009
08M13b1709 10172 16263Released 21 Mar 2010
09M13b1709 10172 16263Released 20 Jun 2010
10M13b1709 10172 16263Released 10 Aug 2010
11M13b1709 10172 16263Released 7 Feb 2011
12M13b1709 10172 16263Released 20 Jul 2011
13M13b1709 10172 16263Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M13b1G709A G10172A T16263CReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M13b1G709A G10172A T16263CReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M13b1G709A G10172A T16263CReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M13b1G709A G10172A T16263CReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5008979Fornarino et al., 2009noneM13b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 3378, 6413, 7789, 8277, 8279, 12621, 14831, 16129, 16239, 16325
Hap5011742Macaulay et al., 2005noneM13b1:315.1CC, 2225A, 5177, 5899.1C, 6164, 11482, 12501, 15553, 16093, 16381

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: July 2, 2016 at 0:49 am


Peoples: | Places:

2016-07-02T00:49:16+00:00 June 6th, 2016|