M20

Summary

Age: Undetermined
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T152C! A249d G316A T3200C A3714G A4385t T4772C C7433T A8853G A9127G C9512T T10274C A10679G G11914A! T12354C C14974T A15691G G16129A! T16209C A16272G
Parent Branch: M1'20'51
Descendant branch(s):

Background

Haplogroup M20 is a branch on the maternal tree of humanity.

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
10 M20 reserved Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M20 152 225 249d 316 3200 3714 4385T 4772 7433 8853 10274 10679 11914 12354 14974 15691 16129 16209 16272 16362 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M20 152 225 249d 316 3200 3714 4385T 4772 7433 8853 10274 10679 11914 12354 14974 15691 16129 16209 16272 16362 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M20 152 225 249d 316 3200 3714 4385T 4772 7433 8853 10274 10679 11914 12354 14974 15691 16129 16209 16272 16362 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M20 T152C! G225A A249d G316A T3200C A3714G A4385t T4772C C7433T A8853G T10274C A10679G G11914A! T12354C C14974T A15691G G16129A! T16209C A16272G T16362C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M20 T152C! A249d G316A T3200C A3714G A4385t T4772C C7433T A8853G A9127G C9512T T10274C A10679G G11914A! T12354C C14974T A15691G G16129A! T16209C A16272G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M20 T152C! A249d G316A T3200C A3714G A4385t T4772C C7433T A8853G A9127G C9512T T10274C A10679G G11914A! T12354C C14974T A15691G G16129A! T16209C A16272G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M20 T152C! A249d G316A T3200C A3714G A4385t T4772C C7433T A8853G A9127G C9512T T10274C A10679G G11914A! T12354C C14974T A15691G G16129A! T16209C A16272G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5004759 Behar et al., 2012b none M20:225, 315.1C, 523-524d, 16086, 16362
Hap5010304 Jinam et al., 2012 none M20:315.1C, 523-524d, 6261, 6483
Hap5012365 Pradutkanchana et al., 2011 none M20:151, 225, 315.1C, 523-524d, 956, 959, 3357, 8289.1CCCCCTCTA, 16086
Hap5014413 Summerer et al., 2012 none M20:225, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8206, 16086
Hap5014435 Summerer et al., 2012 M20:146 M20:225R, 315.1C, 454, 523-524d, 13072
Hap5017205 Kong et al., 2011 none M20:225, 315.1C, 523-524d, 15172, 16086, 16362

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10070088 China China China China
Hap10070089 Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia
Hap10070090 Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia Indonesia
Hap10070091 Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Hap10070092 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070093 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070094 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070095 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070096 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070097 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

Keywords

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