Ads and affiliate links like this help support the Q-M242 project's efforts to test indigenous peoples. Please read the affiliateship and business disclaimers for details. You may also donate directly here.



Age: 12,932.6 ± 5,644.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A10895G A16399G
Parent Branch: M1b
Descendant branch(s): M1b2a M1b2b M1b2c


Haplogroup M1b2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 7,300 and 18,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1b210895 16399Released 27 Aug 2008
02M1b210895 16399Released 14 Oct 2008
03M1b210895 16399Released 1 Mar 2009
04M1b210895 16399Released 10 May 2009
05M1b210895 16399Released 8 Jul 2009
06M1b210895 16399Released 28 Sep 2009
07M1b210895 16399Released 10 Nov 2009
08M1b210895 16399Released 21 Mar 2010
09M1b210895 16399Released 20 Jun 2010
10M1b210895 16399Released 10 Aug 2010
11M1b210895 16399Released 7 Feb 2011
12M1b210895 16399Released 20 Jul 2011
13M1b210895 16399Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1b2A10895G A16399GReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1b2A10895G A16399GReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1b2A10895G A16399GReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1b2A10895G A16399GReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009262Gonzalez et al., 2007M1b2:16249M1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2442, 5471, 5509, 6251, 13754, 16108, 16360
Hap5009263Gonzalez et al., 2007noneM1b2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 2746, 3144, 14956, 15212, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015661Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1b2:309.1C, 315.1C, 9380, 12940, 15262, 16093, 16182C, 16183C, 16193.1C
Hap5015662Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1b2:315.1C, 9380, 12940, 15262, 16093, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015663Olivieri et al., 2006noneM1b2:309.1CC, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5250, 5351, 12663, 16183C, 16193.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070083United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


Peoples: | Places:

-001-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 June 6th, 2016|