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Age: 7,566.9 ± 4,416.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T466C C4936T T8868C C15247g C16185T
Parent Branch: M1b
Descendant branch(s): M1b1a M1b1b


Haplogroup M1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 3,200 and 12,000 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 27 Aug 2008
02M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 14 Oct 2008
03M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 1 Mar 2009
04M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 10 May 2009
05M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 8 Jul 2009
06M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 28 Sep 2009
07M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 10 Nov 2009
08M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 21 Mar 2010
09M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 20 Jun 2010
10M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 10 Aug 2010
11M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 7 Feb 2011
12M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 20 Jul 2011
13M1b1466 4936 8868 15247G 16185Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14M1b1T466C C4936T T8868C C15247g C16185TReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15M1b1T466C C4936T T8868C C15247g C16185TReleased 30 Sep 2012
16M1b1T466C C4936T T8868C C15247g C16185TReleased 19 Feb 2014
17M1b1T466C C4936T T8868C C15247g C16185TReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5012125Pennarun et al., 2012noneM1b1:198, 309.1C, 315.1C, 5894C, 5899.1XC, 9254, 12134, 14861
Hap5022088Maca-Meyer et al., 2001M1b1:4936M1b1:309.1CC, 315.1C, 14645, 15670, 16129

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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