Age: 8,761.9 ± 4,800.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T12414C
Parent Branch: M1a3
Descendant branch(s): M1a3b1 M1a3b2


Haplogroup M1a3b is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,000 and 13,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 M1a3b 12414 16223 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 M1a3b 12414 16223 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 M1a3b 12414 16223 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 M1a3b 12414 16223 Released 10 May 2009
05 M1a3b 12414 16223 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 M1a3b 12414 16223! Released 28 Sep 2009
07 M1a3b 12414 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 M1a3b 12414 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 M1a3b 12414 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 M1a3b 12414 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M1a3b 12414 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M1a3b 12414 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M1a3b 12414 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M1a3b T12414C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M1a3b T12414C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M1a3b T12414C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M1a3b T12414C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5009256 Gonzalez et al., 2007 M1a3b:13637 M1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 709, 2438, 10885, 16093, 16148
Hap5012761 Raule et al., 2014 none M1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 524.1AC, 5899.1CC, 9740, 15114M, 15238Y, 16172, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5015645 Olivieri et al., 2006 none M1a3b:309.1CCC, 315.1C, 9740, 13928C, 16182C, 16183C, 16374C
Hap5015938 Malyarchuk et al., 2008b none M1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3116, 12492, 12705, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5016795 Malyarchuk et al., 2010a none M1a3b:309.1CC, 315.1C, 3116, 12492, 16182C, 16183C
Hap5019349 Cardoso et al., 2013 none M1a3b:309.1C, 315.1C, 7594, 9039, 10475, 15930, 16183C, 16193.1C

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10070033 Italy Italy Italy Italy
Hap10070034 United States United States Italy Italy
Hap10070035 Costa Rica Cuba Spain Spain
Hap10070036 United States United States United States United States
Hap10070037 United States United States United States United States
Hap10070038 Spain Spain Unspecified Spain
Hap10070039 United Kingdom United Kingdom Unspecified United Kingdom
Hap10070040 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10070041 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10070042 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10070043 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070044 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070045 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070046 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070047 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070048 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070049 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070050 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070051 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070052 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10070053 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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