Age: 8,776.3 ± 3,715.2; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T146C! C16173T
Parent Branch: M11a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup M11a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 5,100 and 12,500 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
06 M11a2 13890 Released 28 Sep 2009
10 M11a2 146 16173 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 M11a2 146 16173 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 M11a2 146 16173 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 M11a2 146 16173 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 M11a2 T146C! C16173T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 M11a2 T146C! C16173T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 M11a2 T146C! C16173T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 M11a2 T146C! C16173T Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5010674 Kang et al., 2013 M11a2:198, 215 M11a2:310N, 9765, 11404, 16519
Hap5012388 Qin et al. 2010 M11a2:198, 200 M11a2:197, 315.1C, 739, 3523, 8540, 9389, 11084, 12141, 15204, 16051, 16519
Hap5012404 Qin et al. 2010 M11a2:198 M11a2:197, 309.1C, 315.1C, 2850, 8540, 10404, 13563, 13708, 16519
Hap5016469 Ji F et al., 2012 none M11a2:6614, 11404, 16519
Hap5022131 Kong et al., 2003 M11a2:198, 11914 M11a2:151, 309.1C, 315.1C, 11410, 15327, 16172, 16519

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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