Haplogroup L3x2a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 16,500 and 27,200 years (Behar et al., 2012b).
Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.
|01||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223||Released 27 Aug 2008|
|02||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223||Released 14 Oct 2008|
|03||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223||Released 1 Mar 2009|
|04||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223||Released 10 May 2009|
|05||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223||Released 8 Jul 2009|
|06||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 28 Sep 2009|
|07||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 10 Nov 2009|
|08||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 21 Mar 2010|
|09||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 20 Jun 2010|
|10||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 10 Aug 2010|
|11||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 7 Feb 2011|
|12||L3x2a||3435 16193 16223!||Released 20 Jul 2011|
|13||L3x2a||3435 16223!||Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS|
|14||L3x2a||C3435T T16223C||Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS|
|15||L3x2a||C3435T T16223C||Released 30 Sep 2012|
|16||L3x2a||C3435T T16223C||Released 19 Feb 2014|
|17||L3x2a||C3435T T16223C||Released 18 Feb 2016|
GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.
Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hg ID||Publication||Missing Variants||Additional Variants|
|Hap5000717||Behar et al., 2008b||L3x2a:200||L3x2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 3106N, 5585, 9477, 11063, 16519|
|Hap5018371||Soares et al., 2012||L3x2a:16169||L3x2a:315.1C, 523-524d, 2239, 3592, 4200, 4859, 6263, 8982, 10667, 15637, 16519|
|Hap5018397||Soares et al., 2012||L3x2a:200||L3x2a:309.1C, 315.1C, 5585, 6267, 9477, 11063, 12400, 14388, 16173, 16264, 16519|
Geno 2.0 Data
Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.
Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.
|Hap10069813||United States||Saudi Arabia||Yemen||Yemen|
If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.
- Behar, Doron M.; Villems, Richard; Soodyall, Himla; Blue-Smith, Jason; Pereira, Luisa; Metspalu, Ene; Scozzari, Rosaria; Makkan, Heeran; Tzur, Shay; Comas, David; Bertranpetit, Jaume; Quintana-Murci, Lluis; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Wells, R. Spencer & Rosset, (2008). The Dawn of Human Matrilineal Diversity. American Journal of Human Genetics, 82(5), 1130-1140.
- Behar, D.M., van Oven, M., Rosset, S., Metspalu, M., Loogväli, E.L., Silva, N.M., Kivisild, T., Torroni, A. and Villems, R. (2012). A “Copernican” reassessment of the human mitochondrial DNA tree from its root. American Journal of Human Genetics, 90(4), 675-684.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2011). MitoTool: a web server for the analysis and retrieval of human mitochondrial DNA sequence variations. Mitochondrion, 11(2), 351-356.
- Fan, L., & Yao, Y. G. (2013). An update to MitoTool: using a new scoring system for faster mtDNA haplogroup determination. Mitochondrion, 13(4), 360-363.
- Soares, Pedro; Alshamali, Farida; Pereira, Joana B.; Fernandes, Veronica; Silva, Nuno M.; Afonso, Carla; Costa, Marta D.; Musilova, Eliska; Macaulay, Vincent; Richards, Martin B.; vCerny, Viktor & Pereira, Luisa (2012). The Expansion of mtDNA Haplogroup L3 within and out of Africa. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29(3), 915-927.
- Van Oven, M., & Kayser, M. (2009). Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation. Human mutation, 30(2), E386-E394.
- Ian Logan's mtDNA Pages
- Ian Logan's Instructions for mtGenome Genbank Donation
- James Lick's mtDNA Utility
- The FTDNA Haplogroup Project for Haplogroup L3
- The Wikipedia Article for Haplogroup L3
The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.
Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am
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