Age: 7,354.4 ± 3,287.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T2483C
Parent Branch: L3e2b1
Descendant branch(s): L3e2b1a1 L3e2b1a2


Haplogroup L3e2b1a is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 4,100 and 10,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
07 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L3e2b1a 2483 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L3e2b1a T2483C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L3e2b1a T2483C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L3e2b1a T2483C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L3e2b1a T2483C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5002496 Behar et al., 2012b none L3e2b1a:315.1C, 4550, 6092, 7609Y
Hap5010833 Kivisild et al., 2006 L3e2b1a:146, 150, 152, 247, 16129, 16172, 16187, 16230, 16278, 16311, 16320 L3e2b1a:1-435d, 4167, 4500, 6092, 8823, 16022-16569d
Hap5018690 Barbieri et al., 2012a none L3e2b1a:309N, 310, 5471, 8953, 9503, 15412, 16239

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10069364 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10069365 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10069366 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10069367 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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