Age: 5,324.7 ± 3,295.0; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: T217C
Parent Branch: L3b1b
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L3b1b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 2,000 and 8,600 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L3b1b1 217 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L3b1b1 217 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L3b1b1 217 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L3b1b1 217 Released 10 May 2009
05 L3b1b1 217 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L3b1b1 217 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L3b1b1 217 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L3b1b1 217 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L3b1b1 217 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L3b1b1 217 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L3b1b1 217 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L3b1b1 217 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L3b1b1 217 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L3b1b1 T217C Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L3b1b1 T217C Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L3b1b1 T217C Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L3b1b1 T217C Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000455 Behar et al., 2008b none L3b1b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 480, 523-524d, 3106N, 8584
Hap5015933 Malyarchuk et al., 2008b none L3b1b1:59, 315.1C, 523-524d, 8701, 16294

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068727 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068728 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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