Age: 12,422.5 ± 3,430.5; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G9300A
Parent Branch: L3b1a
Descendant branch(s):


Haplogroup L3b1a2 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 9,000 and 15,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L3b1a2 9300 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L3b1a2 9300 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L3b1a2 9300 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L3b1a2 9300 Released 10 May 2009
05 L3b1a2 9300 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L3b1a2 9300 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L3b1a2 9300 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L3b1a2 9300 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L3b1a2 9300 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L3b1a2 9300 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L3b1a2 9300 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L3b1a2 9300 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L3b1a2 9300 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L3b1a2 G9300A Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L3b1a2 G9300A Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L3b1a2 G9300A Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L3b1a2 G9300A Released 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000442 Behar et al., 2008b L3b1a2:195, 16311 L3b1a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 10931, 11410, 12490, 16093
Hap5000517 Behar et al., 2008b L3b1a2:195, 16311 L3b1a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 11410, 12490, 14393
Hap5000568 Behar et al., 2008b none L3b1a2:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 3504, 8065, 12771, 13269, 16086
Hap5016144 Kujanová et al., 2009 none L3b1a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 3221, 11545, 13599, 15203, 16325
Hap5018401 Soares et al., 2012 L3b1a2:152, 16124 L3b1a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 4113C, 8654
Hap5018422 Soares et al., 2012 none L3b1a2:315.1C, 523-524d, 8289.1CCCCCTCTA, 13419

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068675 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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