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Age: 17,258.5 ± 4,578.8; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: G10373A
Parent Branch: L3b
Descendant branch(s): L3b1a L3b1b


Haplogroup L3b1 is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 12,700 and 21,800 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

01L3b110373 16519Released 27 Aug 2008
02L3b110373 16519Released 14 Oct 2008
03L3b110373Released 1 Mar 2009
04L3b110373Released 10 May 2009
05L3b110373Released 8 Jul 2009
06L3b110373Released 28 Sep 2009
07L3b110373Released 10 Nov 2009
08L3b110373Released 21 Mar 2010
09L3b110373Released 20 Jun 2010
10L3b110373Released 10 Aug 2010
11L3b110373Released 7 Feb 2011
12L3b110373Released 20 Jul 2011
13L3b110373Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14L3b1G10373AReleased 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15L3b1G10373AReleased 30 Sep 2012
16L3b1G10373AReleased 19 Feb 2014
17L3b1G10373AReleased 18 Feb 2016

GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDPublicationMissing VariantsAdditional Variants
Hap5009298Harich et al., 2010noneL3b1:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3644, 7859, 14133, 15734
Hap5009494Herrnstadt et al., 2002L3b1:146, 152, 195, 247, 16124, 16129, 16187, 16189, 16230, 16311, 16362L3b1:1-576d, 7618, 8616, 11800C, 15099, 16024-16569d
Hap5023200Howell et al., 2004L3b1:16311L3b1:317.1C, 523-524d, 7618, 8616, 11800C, 15099, 16234

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg IDBirth
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Hap10068528United StatesCubaCubaCuba
Hap10068529United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068530United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068531United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068532United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068533United StatesUnited StatesUnited StatesUnited States
Hap10068534El SalvadorEl SalvadorUnspecifiedEl Salvador
Hap10068536Puerto RicoUnspecifiedUnspecifiedPuerto Rico

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last Updated: Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am


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