L2d

Summary

Age: 17,001.9 ± 5,883.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: C152T!! T182C! C456T C870T T2159C C3254a A3434G G3693A C6231T G9554A A9941G C10955T T11353C C14845T G15777c T16189C! T16223C A16300G C16354T A16399G
Parent Branch: L2
Descendant branch(s): L2d1 L3d2

Background

Haplogroup L2d is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 11,100 and 22,900 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L2d 182 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16093 16129 16189 16223 16300 16354 16399 16519 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L2d 182 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16093 16129 16189 16223 16300 16354 16399 16519 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L2d 182 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16093 16129 16189 16223 16300 16354 16399 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L2d 182 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16093 16129 16189 16223 16300 16354 16399 Released 10 May 2009
05 L2d 182 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16093 16129 16189 16223 16300 16354 16399 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 2332 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16129 16189 16223! 16354 16399 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L2d 152! 182! 456 870 2159 3254A 3434 3693 6231 9554 9941 10955 11353 14845 15777C 16189 16223! 16300 16354 16399 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L2d C152T!! T182C! C456T C870T T2159C C3254a A3434G G3693A C6231T G9554A A9941G C10955T T11353C C14845T G15777c T16189C! T16223C A16300G C16354T A16399G Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L2d C152T!! T182C! C456T C870T T2159C C3254a A3434G G3693A C6231T G9554A A9941G C10955T T11353C C14845T G15777c T16189C! T16223C A16300G C16354T A16399G Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L2d C152T!! T182C! C456T C870T T2159C C3254a A3434G G3693A C6231T G9554A A9941G C10955T T11353C C14845T G15777c T16189C! T16223C A16300G C16354T A16399G Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L2d C152T!! T182C! C456T C870T T2159C C3254a A3434G G3693A C6231T G9554A A9941G C10955T T11353C C14845T G15777c T16189C! T16223C A16300G C16354T A16399G Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5018755 Barbieri et al., 2012a none L2d:310, 9254

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10068477 Unspecified Barbados Barbados Barbados
Hap10068478 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068479 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068480 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068481 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068482 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068483 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068484 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10068485 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068486 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068487 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068488 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068489 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068490 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068491 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068492 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068493 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

mtDNA Consultants

The following members of the community offer paid consulting for those seeking help with mtDNA results. Inclusion on this list is not a recommendation or endorsement of any service.

Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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