L2c

Summary

Age: 17,761.5 ± 4,585.9; CI=95% (Behar et al., 2012b)
Origin: Undetermined
Mutations: A93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849T
Parent Branch: L2b'c
Descendant branch(s): L2c1 L2c2 L2c3 L2c4 L2c5

Background

Haplogroup L2c is a branch on the maternal tree of human kind. Its age is between 13,200 and 22,300 years (Behar et al., 2012b).

Phylotree History

Phylotree.org is the maternal (mtDNA) tree of humanity. It is maintained by Dr. Mannis Van Oven. Each build is a major update to the tree. The current build is #17.

Build# Called Mutations Notes
01 L2c 325 523-524d 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 27 Aug 2008
02 L2c 325 523-524d 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 14 Oct 2008
03 L2c 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 1 Mar 2009
04 L2c 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 10 May 2009
05 L2c 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 8 Jul 2009
06 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 28 Sep 2009
07 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 10 Nov 2009
08 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 21 Mar 2010
09 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 20 Jun 2010
10 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 10 Aug 2010
11 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 7 Feb 2011
12 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 20 Jul 2011
13 L2c 93 325 680 709 3200A 13928C 13958C 15849 Released 28 Dec 2011; Last Build to use the rCRS
14 L2c A93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849T Released 5 Apr 2012; First version to use the RSRS
15 L2c A93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849T Released 30 Sep 2012
16 L2c A93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849T Released 19 Feb 2014
17 L2c A93G C325T T680C G709A T3200a G13928c G13958c C15849T Released 18 Feb 2016


GenBank Samples

GenBank is a database of genetic sequence data. It is run by the United States National Institute of Health. It serves as the main repository for mtDNA full sequence profiles. Samples come both from published academic literature and donations from genetic genealogy community members. In addition to GenBank samples, listings below may include other samples published but not submitted to GenBank such as those from the HapMap project.

Note: GenBank results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Publication Missing Variants Additional Variants
Hap5000496 Behar et al., 2008b none L2c:309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 3106N, 9300, 13470, 14311, 15367, 16261, 16266, 16362, 16519
Hap5001312 Behar et al., 2012b none L2c:95C, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 2755, 8027, 9692R, 11440, 13656, 14353, 16362, 16399
Hap5001527 Behar et al., 2012b none L2c:146, 199, 309.1C, 315.1C, 523-524d, 5460, 11404
Hap5004336 Behar et al., 2012b L2c:93 L2c:315.1C, 523-524d, 4907, 6150, 14696, 15497, 16261, 16519
Hap5004478 Behar et al., 2012b L2c:16189 L2c:315.1C, 6203, 12909, 13470, 14311, 15367, 16183C, 16360, 16362, 16519
Hap5018646 Barbieri et al., 2012a none L2c:315.1C, 523-524d, 850, 6293, 13759, 15883, 16355, 16519
Hap5018681 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2c:4312, 13958C L2c:310, 311N, 523-524d, 4296N, 4297N, 4298N, 4309N, 4310N, 4311N, 4312N, 11852, 12011N, 13470, 13958N
Hap5018735 Barbieri et al., 2012a L2c:93, 198 L2c:309N, 310, 485, 5074, 8425, 12771, 14569, 16177, 16263

Geno 2.0 Data

Data from Geno 2.0 is derived from the The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project — the DAR. The Hg ID is specific to this site and is used to protect the identities of those who take part in Genographic research. Birth Country, Mother's Birth Country, and Maternal Grandmother's Birth Country have been normalized from DAR database fields. The Maternal Origin is determined based on the three previous fields.

Note: Geno 2.0 results currently use Phylotree build 16. I am working on changing resuts over to build 17.

Hg ID Birth
Country
Mother's
Birth Country
Maternal Grandmother's
Birth Country
Maternal
Origin
Hap10068330 United States United States Cape Verde Cape Verde
Hap10068331 United States Cuba Cuba Cuba
Hap10068332 United States United States Cuba Cuba
Hap10068333 Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Dominican Republic
Hap10068334 United States Guyana Guyana Guyana
Hap10068335 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10068336 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
Hap10068337 Uganda Uganda Sudan Sudan
Hap10068338 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068339 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068340 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068341 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068342 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068343 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068344 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068345 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068346 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068347 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068348 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068349 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068350 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068351 United States United States United States United States
Hap10068352 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10068353 Unspecified United States United States United States
Hap10068354 Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Unspecified Puerto Rico
Hap10068355 Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago Unspecified Trinidad and Tobago
Hap10068356 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068357 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068358 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068359 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068360 United States United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068361 Unspecified United States Unspecified United States
Hap10068362 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10068363 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10068364 United States Unspecified Unspecified United States
Hap10068365 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068366 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068367 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068368 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068369 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068370 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068371 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068372 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068373 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068374 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068375 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068376 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068377 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068378 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068379 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068380 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068381 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068382 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068383 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068384 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068385 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068386 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068387 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified
Hap10068388 Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified Unspecified

If you use the information in this table, please credit both this site and The National Geographic Society’s Genographic Project.

Related Sources

Additional Resources

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Last updated: November 30, -0001 at 0:00 am

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